Use come/look/go/wait/be etc. when we tell somebody to do something:
command form: the infinitive (base form) of the verb:
Please be quiet. I’m working.
Here are some orders you could give your pet dog:
also (= I hope you have a good holiday etc.)
Have a good holiday!
Have a nice time!
Have a good flight!
‘Have a chocolate.’ ‘Oh, thanks.’
(= would you like a chocolate?)
You can also use the imperative to make a request, but you should
Please take a seat.
Please wait here.
Please hold the line.
Kindly return the documents as soon as possible.
Kindly forward this to the Sales and Marketing department.
Kindly send me 2 copies of your brochure.
… when we tell somebody not to do something:
Be careful! Don’t fall.
Be here on time. Don’t be late.
Please don’t smoke here.
Let’s (= Let us) + V (inf.)…
… when you want people to do things with you, make a suggestion.
(= you and I can go out)
Shall we go out tonight?
No, I’m tired. Let’s stay at home.
The negative is
Choose the correct verb
read / switch off / brush / go / feed / swim / be / talk / do / play
(-) is negative form.
— in this lake. (-)
— your homework.
— football in the yard. (-)
— your mobiles.
— your teeth.
— during the lesson. (-)
— the animals in the zoo. (-)
— the instructions.
— late for school. (-)
Ran, and you will catch the bus.
Ran, or you will catch the bus.
Imperative with and
We can sometimes use the imperative + and instead of an if-clause, for example:
Go now and I’ll never speak to you again. (If you go now, I’ll never speak…)
If we put do before the imperative the effect is to make requests, apologies and complaints more emphatic but also more polite:
Do take a seat. (request)
Do forgive me. I didn’t mean to offend you. (apology)
Do try to keep the noise down, gentlemen. (complaint)
The words always, never, ever come before imperatives, as in:
Always remember who’s boss.
Never speak to me like that again.
Don’t ever speak to me like that again.
We sometimes make passive imperatives with get,
Get vaccinated before your holiday.
We sometimes use these question tags after imperatives: can you? can’t you? could you? will you? won’t you? would you?
Look at these examples:
Lend me a dollar, can you?
Help me with this, will you?
Keep still, won’t you?
deleted, attach, email, folder, file, computer, send, desktop, laptop, icon
Martha vs. Robot:
command, function, manual, mechanical, program, robot, charge, fetch, alive, button