ESL Personal Narrative Writing for kids, Tell your story 英作文 体験談の書き方

Personal narrative: Tell your story

Personal narrative 本人の事実・経験に基づく話、物語、体験談。印象的な出来事(event)が起こるまでを時間に沿って古いものから順番に書く(chronological order)。出来事が起こった時間や場所(setting)、登場人物(character)を読み手(reader)に書き手(author)の気持ちの変化が伝わるように書く。

A personal narrative is a way of sharing a particularly memorable event or of telling about important feelings. It tells the reader how the writer felt about an experience.

Making an outline will help you create a well-organized piece of writing containing main topics, subtopics, and details.

Visual organizer will help your writing.

Writing sample “Ann”

Choose a Topic

Begin by brainstorming a list of memorable events from your life. Think about which event would be most interesting to your readers. Also, think about which event you remember the most vividly.


Topic 題材

For example (参考例):
My first day of school.
My most exciting day of school.
A field trip that my class took.
My favorite summer vacation.
A trip that included something unexpected or surprising.
A time that I experienced something spooky.
A time that I experienced something truly frightening.
A time that I learned something new that changed me in some way.
The moment when I met someone who changed my life.
The day that I got my first pet.

Organize Sequence


Describe Event

Pre-writing: Write the most important event in the order that they happened.
As later adding details in each happening, in this stage keep simple but make clear beginning, middle, and end.

Details: Descriptive words and sentence
下書き:First Next Last で、できごとの重要な点を時間の経過とともに書く。

Transition words Event, happening Zoom in detail

2nd paragraph
she was sick. She invited me to go swimming every summer. But she could not get in the water.

3rd paragraph
She was always there for me always listened to me when I had a problem. She would let me come in her house, and she would give me something to eat.

4th paragraph
she died. My mom did not let me go to the visitation at the funeral home or to the funeral ceremony.

Transition words and Time-Order words (つなぎ言葉)

They help move the story forward and show the order of events.

before one day later
as soon as … more

In the story “Ann”
Last summer
Two weeks after
not too long after that
Now, it’s been a year since Ann’s death

Introduction(イントロ): The first paragraph


Write main idea of personal narrative
First few sentences of your story
Opening or lead
Hook the reader

How to “Hook” the reader (つかみ)

Question: Have you ever been late to school?
Talking: “Wake up!” my mom shouted.
Sound: Onomatopoeia, “Breeeeing” rang the alarm.

In the story “Ann”
Do you have a friend who loves you? Well, I did.

Setting: Where and When (place and time)

Where did it happen?
Night? day? winter? summer?

When did it happen?
in the house, in the city? park?


Describe the characters(登場人物)
Trait (性格・人柄)and Emotion:
What does your character do to show his/her personality?
What does your character look like on the outside?
What does your character say to show his/her personality?
How does your character change or what lesson does your character learn?

In the story “Ann”
Name: Ann
Relationship: very close friend
Appearance: bright blue eyes and curly gray hair
Trait: kind 

Trait Detail
Ann was very kind. She was always there for me when I needed help on homework or had problems at school.

How characters feel


Show, don’t tell, how characters feel

Write with more sensory detail, allowing your reader to hear, see, taste, touch, and smell the same things your characters are experiencing.

I was so excited. I jumped up in the air!
I couldn’t wait! I smiled the whole way there.

In the story “Ann”
We had a lot of fun all those summers.
My heart broke.

Other things to find out details
What characters do, step by step?
What characters say?
What characters are thinking?

Write closing (5th paragraph)

まとめ 最も言いたいことを言葉を変えて言う(パラフレーズ)

Ending, conclusion
Wrap up your story
Remind the reader of your main idea

Rephrase your opening (自分の考え、主張)
Say it with different words (イントロの言い換え)
Feelings (感情)
Lesson learned (学んだこと)
Hope about future (どうしたいか)
Update (後日談、近況)

Revise 見直しCheck

Revising: to make significant changes to the content of their writing

Make sense? (話のつながりはおかしくないか?)
Is it important? (余計な話が入ってないか?)

Add word? Adjective, adverb, add detail
Remove words?
Word choice

Change boring words
Use vivid verbs
Check Thesaurus

Sentence structure
Check verb tense

Editing (Fixing mistake)

Punctuation 文の最後にピリオドを付けているか?
Capitalization ”I” 文の最初 名前 地名
Sight words
Grammar (i.e. subject-verb agreement)
Check S V O 誰が(S)何を(O)どうする(V)

Make Title of your story

Title represent the main idea of your story.


If you want to make a book, you can make a cover and add illustration.
Type out or write in your best handwriting your story. Make a neat final copy of your narrative writing.
Illustration: Neat and details
Cover: Title and author (your name) and detailed picture
Title is the biggest words on the cover.

Writing sample “Ann”

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